Casting From the Shoulder
The shoulder is the fulcrum of the cast, not the elbow and not the wrist, although they are involved. That is to say that the arm swings at the shoulder during the casting stroke. And that is precisely what it does. The casting stroke is exactly like a simple arm swinging motion. In fact, if one merely bends the arm at the elbow until the forearm is parallel to the ground and then swings the arm at the shoulder (as one might when running), it’s the perfect casting movement. Look at the two drawings below by Jason Borger and note the arm positions–especially note the elbow positions– during the casting stroke.
Jason and I produced a DVD for the Federation of Fly Fishers showing the 15 Most Common Casting Errors. To purchase a copy from the FFF, go to 15 MCCE.